Basima Tewfik is a PhD Candidate in Management, focusing on Organizational Behavior, at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to entering the doctoral program, Basima worked as a management consultant at Booz & Company, engaging with national as well as global clients across a wide range of industries including financial services, healthcare, education, and aerospace and defense. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree, summa cum laude, in Psychology with a secondary degree in Economics from Harvard University.
Overview of Research
Roles serve as the fundamental building blocks of organizational hierarchies and interpersonal interactions. Scholars have conceptualized roles as positions defined by a set of expectations governing how their occupants should behave. Among their many functions, roles inform what work is accomplished, how work is done, as well as when, where, and by whom work is completed. Because work is heavily influenced by the role one holds, one’s role also affects one’s identity, motivation, emotions, cognitions and subsequent behaviors at work. Thus, roles serve not only functional purposes but also have far-reaching consequences on those who occupy them, shaping how individuals think, feel, and behave in isolation and with others. In light of their significance in organizations, roles and those who hold them serve as the unifying threads across Basima’s research projects.
For example, roles occupy a central place in her dissertation on impostor thoughts, which is a role-based phenomenon characterized by the perception that others have overestimated one’s abilities. Roles also emerge in her work on (1) conflict management given that both process and status conflict are often, but not always, dictated by roles; (2) helping interactions at work, which in their simplest form are comprised of individuals holding one of two roles, a help-seeker and a helper; and (3) role engagement, which captures one’s investment of one’s cognitive, emotional, and physical resources into one’s role. In pursuing her research, she incorporates a variety of methods, ranging from the quantitative to the qualitative. And while roles weave through all of her projects, she seeks to also speak to a wide variety of literatures as well as extend or broaden the particular theoretical frameworks from which she draws.
We all spend much of our lives in organizations. Most of us are born in organizations, educated in organizations, and work in organizations. Organizations emerge because individuals can't (or don't want to) accomplish their goals alone. Management is the art and science of helping individuals achieve their goals together. Managers in an organization determine where their organization is going and how it gets there. More formally, managers formulate strategies and implement those strategies. This course provides a framework for understanding the opportunities and challenges involved in formulating and implementing strategies by taking a "system" view of organizations,which means that we examine multiple aspects of how managers address their environments, strategy, structure, culture, tasks, people, and outputs, and how managerial decisions made in these various domains interrelate. The course will help you to understand and analyze how managers can formulate and implement strategies effectively. It will be particularly valuable if you are interested in management consulting, investment analysis, or entrepreneurship - but it will help you to better understand and be a more effective contributor to any organizations you join, whether they are large, established firms or startups. This course must be taken for a grade.